So there we have it!!
Paragraph 2292 says, “Scientific, medical, or psychological experiments on human individuals or groups can contribute to healing the sick and the advancement of public health.”
Paragraph 2293 says, “Basic scientific research, as well as applied research, is a significant expression of man’s dominion over creation. Science and technology are precious resources when placed at the service of man and promote his integral development for the benefit of all. By themselves however they cannot disclose the meaning of existence and of human progress. Science and technology are ordered to man, from whom they take their origin and development; hence they find in the person and in his moral values both evidence of their purpose and awareness of their limits.”
Have you heard of the term SCIENTISM?
It is the idea that science can give the answers to ANYTHING and will solve all problems
Science is a search for natural truth
Faith is all about truth as well
Truth cannot contradict truth
Science asks the questions WHAT and HOW
Faith asks the question WHY
Science cannot answer WHY
We can never advance science at the expense of the person
If ever there is a movement towards advancing science that does not take into account the person or violates the person or diminishes the person, then that is a grave error
Paragraph 2294 says, “It is an illusion to claim moral neutrality in scientific research and its applications. On the other hand, guiding principles cannot be inferred from simple technical efficiency, or from the usefulness accruing to some at the expense of others or, even worse, from prevailing ideologies. Science and technology by their very nature require unconditional respect for fundamental moral criteria. They must be at the service of the human person, of his inalienable rights, of his true and integral good, in conformity with the plan and the will of God.”
We are either working for the good of the person and communities or we are working against the good of the person and communities
In a world without God, you only judge the goodness or badness of something with two metrics
Do I like this?
Is it useful?
Our guiding principle is always going to be whether this is in conformity with the goodness and dignity of the human person?
We are so busy wondering whether or not we COULD do this thing, we did not stop to ask whether or not we SHOULD do this thing Ian Malcolm Speech - Could/Should
Praise the Lord for science
Praise the Lord for scientists who have advanced the care of human beings, animals, the planet, etc.
All of those things have to have an unconditional respect for fundamental moral criteria
They must be at the service of the human person, his inalienable rights, his true and integral good, and in conformity with the plan and the will of God
Paragraph 2295 says, “Research or experimentation on the human being cannot legitimate acts that are in themselves contrary to the dignity of the persons and to the moral law. The subjects’ potential consent does not justify such acts. Experimentation on human beings is not morally legitimate if it exposes the subject’s life or physical and psychological integrity to disproportionate or avoidable risks. Experimentation on human beings does not conform to the dignity of the person if it takes place without the informed consent of the subject or those who legitimately speak for him.”
Paragraph 2296 says, “Organ transplants are in conformity with the moral law if the physical and psychological dangers and risks to the donor are proportionate to the good that is sought for the recipient. Organ donation after death is a noble and meritorious act and is to be encouraged as an expression of generous solidarity. It is not morally acceptable if the donor or his proxy has not given explicit consent. Moreover, it is not morally admissible directly to bring about the disabling mutilation or death of a human being, even in order to delay the death of other persons.”
You cannot force someone to donate their kidney
Paragraph 2297 says, “Kidnapping and hostage taking bring on a reign of terror; by means of threats they subject their victims to intolerable pressures. They are morally wrong. Terrorism threatens, wounds, and kills indiscriminately; it is gravely against justice and charity. Torture which uses physical or moral violence to extract confessions, punish the guilty, frighten opponents, or satisfy hatred is contrary to respect for the person and for human dignity. Except when performed for strictly therapeutic medical reasons, directly intended amputations, mutilations, and sterilizations performed on innocent persons are against the moral law.”
If there is a healthy part of the body and science is used to make it not work anymore, that is against the moral law
For example, a vasectomy on a man or elective hysterectomy on a woman are against the moral law
So why does the Church have to say that kidnapping, terrorism, and torture are wrong?
Because they exist
And even good people may be tempted to do these things
Let’s listen to Fr. Mike wax poetic about the TV show 24 and Jack Bauer…
Even when it seems like it could be a good, torture is NOT a good
Just because war has broken out does not mean that all bets are off
Paragraph 2298 says, “In times past, cruel practices were commonly used by legitimate governments to maintain law and order, often without protest from the Pastors of the Church, who themselves adopted in their own tribunals the prescriptions of Roman law concerning torture. Regrettable as these facts are, the Church always taught the duty of clemency and mercy. She forbade clerics to shed blood. In recent times it has become evident that these cruel practices were neither necessary for public order, nor in conformity with the legitimate rights of the human person. On the contrary, these practices led to ones even more degrading. It is necessary to work for their abolition. We must pray for the victims and their tormentors.”
This is a nod to the Inquisition
It was a dark time in the history of the Church
The Church adopted the practices of the civil authorities to extract confession
This included torture and the Church did not speak out against that
This is not meant to excuse
This is meant to offer clarity
There are remarkable records when it comes to the Inquisition
When people were brought before the civil courts, they would rather be judged by the Church courts because the Church courts had a degree of fairness to them that was not always existent in the civil courts
Also because the Church courts had less severe penalties and torture
Does this make everything all good?
No it does not
But does it demonstrate at least a little bit that the Church was trying, at least a little bit, to stand apart from the civil authorities and stand apart from the culture
In these cases, what was accepted were the accusations, the trial, and the penalties
The Church is trying to distance herself from that
Could the Church have done a better job?
Even in the midst of the Inquisition, the Church taught the duty of clemency and mercy
This was not a good, but there was willingness to compromise when it comes to disciplines, not when it comes to dogma and doctrine
The Church even condemns the acts of members of the Church who may have acted in the name of the Church
The TEACHING of the Church is always going to be guided by the Holy Spirit and preserved from error
The ACTIONS of some people in the Church could have the potential to be sinful
They are not always going to be sinful, they always have the potential
The Church will always teach the truth
There are those of us in the Church who are broken and we can sometimes ignore what the Lord has revealed to us and we do what we want to do
Let’s listen to Fr. Mike suggest books to learn about the Inquisition and the Crusades…
A lot of what people have learned about the Inquisition and the Crusades has come through our culture, which is not entirely accurate
It is better for us to know the FULL STORY rather than part of the story
We are bound to care for those who are dying and for those who have died
It is a WORK OF MERCY to care for the sick and bury the dead
It honors the children of God, our temples of the Holy Spirit
Paragraph 2301 says, “Autopsies can be morally permitted for legal inquests or scientific research. The free gift of organs after death is legitimate and can be meritorious. The Church permits cremation, provided that it does not demonstrate a denial of faith in the resurrection of the body.”
There was a long time when the Church did not permit cremations for Christians
The reason is many cultures saw the body as the “cage” that the soul was trapped in
In order to set the soul free, the body was burned on a pyre
The Church teaches that the body and soul are both good and are both intended for redemption and Resurrection
Now we live in a different day and age
Fr. Mike is praying FOR YOU!!
Please pray for Fr. Mike and for each other!!
I cannot WAIT…